Carniolans tend to need a little smoke to calm the hive when you have to work them. My Italian hive that started at the same time is way ahead of the carnies in both drawing comb, brood laying and pollen/nectar stores. The Italian bee is so popular and manageable that they are easy to work with for new beekeepers and experienced beekeepers. We’ve been primarily in the high and dry Idaho/Utah deserts during the winter and we’ve had a lot better luck with keeping the Italian bees alive (on average) over the winter than we have with the Carniolans. If this is what the local supplier is offering, there shouldn’t be any problems with that. They tend to desire more storage space so that they can put away greater pollen and nectar stores for the winter. They are currently expanding their business to include a restaurant and meadery in town. The cluster must be as large as possible to help generate hive warmth during the winter months. He also sells, https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/comparison-of-russian-and-italian-honey-bees, Exhibit more mild temperaments than aggressive species such as Russian or Africanized bees, Survive the winter better than more docile species, Start foraging earlier than most other species in early spring. ​Online course platform featuring ​free & paid courses to teach you how to be a backyard beekeeper, create honey bee arts and crafts, & produce incredible honey recipes. These are the trade-offs you’ll have to evaluate if that’s a route you want to explore. Italian worker bees are light in color, while the queen is a bit darker, which makes her easy to … Specifically, Italian honey bees are known to do the following: Our experience has shown that Italians are the most balanced of any honey bee specie. Italian bees are a more laid back type of bee. What do you think? Carniolan: These bees hail from the harsher, colder climates of northern Europe. While they don’t winter as well as more aggressive species, they are much easier to work with which makes them a very attractive option for new beekeepers. If there’s some other arrangement they are making, I’d need more specific details on exactly what they are offering to be able to give you additional advice. Russian Queen sources . Once the queen begins to lay maximum eggs the hive can run out of bee space within 60 days. Why? They are excellent producers and use less propolis that other races of bees! They expect their first honey wine to be ready in December. Copyright 2020 Bear Country Bees. This is another big benefit of using Italians.Over all, Italians are one of the best options for your bees. For most beekeepers, this comes down to a choice between Italian and Carniolan honey bees. The Italian honey bee, known as Apis Mellifera Lingustica, is one of the favorite bee strains. The positive is that the cluster will keep the hive warm throughout the winter season. Hopefully, this is helpful. Our Flash Sales are offered on bee packages to nucs to beekeeping supplies. OHB ships queen bees all over the US, Canada, and even to Dubai. When showing the difference between Italian and Carniolan bee, we also have to take into consideration that there are two strains of Italian honey bee. The Carniolan bee will aggressively defend the hive. Italian bees will go into winter normally with an average cluster of bees. I’m glad that you’ve had better luck with the Carniolans during the winter time. As we all know, the queens will ultimately determine the characteristics of the hive. https://mountainsweethoney.com/difference-italian-carniolan-honey-bees I DO also wrap my hives with insulated blankets AND insulate the tops. We keep a ratio of 50% Italian and 50% Carniolan hives in our bee yards. The Carniolan Queens have a slower start-up in brood production and require more pollen and some nectar coming into the hive. Beekeeping is hard.It’s difficult trying to keep your bees, Despite it being the slow season for beekeeping, a lot has been. The Carniolan honey bee package includes a wood screen box, 16 oz. Carniolan bees are in the minority of bees in the USA. Italian queens begin very early in increasing their brood production. ​Help save honey bees without having to be a beekeeper by adopting a beehive. of bees, which includes nurse bees, forager bees, guard bees, and drone bees. In NE Georgia, this can be seen in August. +/- 3 lbs. Please log in again. With that said, let’s look at the following characteristics: popularity of the bee, spring brood production, fall brood production, swarming tendencies, temperament, honey production, and wintering. Italian queens tend to reduce their brood production, as soon as, the nectar sources end. Before we get into the details, I want to make sure you know that we try to be as objective as possible when doing reviews. This will happen during the Spring season and into summer. For most beekeepers, this comes down to a choice between Italian and Carniolan honey bees.Both honey bee species have pros and cons that may sway your decision. Cordovan Italian Queens . We have found the Italian bee to be passive and would keep a year round entrance reducer on the hive year round. We’d love to experiment with them and see if we feel comfortable recommending them to our beekeepers. Italian honey bees, of the subspecies Apis mellifera ligustica, were brought to the U.S. in 1859. Known for their extended periods of brood rearing, Italian bees can build colony populations in the spring and maintain them for the entire summer. https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/comparison-of-russian-and-italian-honey-bees. All the Italian hives have died over winter. PS-Noticed what you like to sell and letting you know I have a degree in Meteorology and was a Second Officer/Navigator in the Merchant Marine…similar interests!! That said, most of the time you can’t go wrong using Carniolan bees. Italian honey bees are known as the gentler of the breeds as compared with Russian, Carniolan or Buckfast honey bees. We have seen about a 45 day delay on brood production. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Italians v.s. The subspecies A. m. carnica, from middle Europe, also has been a favored bee stock in the U.S. for several reasons. The queen ultimately determines which specie your hive will be. I live in East PA and we have some fairly cold winters. It’s important to know that you won’t go wrong using either of these honey bee species for either backyard or commercial beekeeping. Overall, the Italian has average tendencies to swarm. SMR Queens : an Update - Bee Culture, May 2002. Click now to secure your bees. How do they both compare to saskatraz bees? The Carnies are the only hive that survived and I plan to only have Carnies this year, ( my 4th year). Leave us a comment below and share your experiences with us! VP VSH Carniolan (Spartan) queens are framed on the Carniolan phenotype. Carniolan Queen Bee Carniolan Queen Bee. This means that you will have stronger hives going into winter. Italian. The queen production of brood is explosive. Receive an email when we publish a new post. If you like great deals, your going to love our monthly "Flash Sales"! I’ve read that they do not form tight clusters as well as the Carnies. Which specie is your favorite? The Italian Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera Ligustica) is one of the more popular bee strains; however, due to the inconsistency in quality of its specimens, the Italian bee has been both greatly appreciated and criticized. Further Reference about VSH bees I have to conclude that they died of the cold. The Carniolan just has a genetic trait to swarm. So…The Italians did not starve, (possibly had a virus though I did eliminate the Varroa). Carniolan bees tend to gather nectar at a better rate due to gathering nectar on cooler and overcast days. Just also know that you’ll most likely need to feed them longer in the spring than Italians because they begin foraging sooner.If you live in such a climate, you may find that you’ll have the best results using Carniolan honey bees. Italian Honey Bee. Here are just a few sources we’ve found that provide compelling arguments for this claim: However, despite the seemingly general consensus that Carniolans winter better, we have had a better success rate with Italian honey bees. They slow up if the nectar/pollen availability lessens and they make a conservative Fall brood nest. They also sell packaged bees, produce honey, and contract out their own bees for pollination in the Sacramento Valley. The queen bee is a newly mated Carniolan queen. When you first start thinking about becoming a beekeeper one of the first things that you must consider is what type of bees that you want. they may not deliver on the promises as well as other species). When he isn't obsessing over creating the best possible experience for backyard beekeepers, he loves reading Star Wars, visiting new places, studying and launching rockets, and spending time with his family. Best of luck! Let’s start by taking a look at Italian honey bees. The Carniolan virgins are mated with our Italian drones, resulting in an excellent mix of both Italian and Carniolan traits which many customers prefer. Both honey bee species have pros and cons that may sway your decision. There are many differences between the two subspecies of bees; some say the Carniolan queens are better for colder climates. The Carniolan bee has a higher tendency to swarm in the first year going forward. This is great for comb honey production as the combs/frames have little propolis on them and have nice white capping's making a very beautiful product! I’m glad to hear that your Italians are doing really well! It is the way they were designed to reproduce themselves. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. They were easily installed into the hive. Carniolan Bees. They winter much better than Italians. A spoken favorite is the Italian honey bee, known as Apis mellifera ligustica, known to beekeepers as the Italian honey bee. Italian bees will tend to swarm during their second year within the hive. Learn more about ​natures f​inest sweetner. Italian Honey Bees. Italian bees are especially good for beginning beekeepers, and those who prefer to work bees in a short sleeve shirt to stay cooler. This article is focused on the generalities of each bee. Swarms of this race tend to disperse more widely than Italians. We’ve also seen (on average) that our Italians do better all-around than Carniolans which is why we tend to recommend them. I have to respectfully disagree with your conclusion that the Carnies do not overwinter as well…not sure what your winters in Utah are like? Generally speaking the average honey yield of the Carniolan is 35% higher than that of the Caucasian … but that is not the entire story. Russians as aggressive dishes & full meals from new beekeepers brought in sleeve shirt to stay cooler with out. We feel comfortable recommending them to our beekeepers ( possibly had a though. Bees to work a ratio of 50 % Carniolan hives in our bee yards take a quick look build. Adopted beehive ​can also make for a perfect, unique gift for your friends & loved ones experiment. Not really a great day but i do also wrap my hives with an oxalic acid sublimation before! And on, not sure how people came to think of russians as aggressive Buckfast honey bees were little! 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