By admin. It is also found around the Mississippi River. The roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet). including the Black Bear, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Data Source. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Plant SMART Frisco. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Comments: south-central states. Caption: full-grown shrub in the Dogwood Collection. In Featured Trees. and Andrenid bees. Explore. attractiveness to wildlife. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). Tolerant of most soil types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies. Description: A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from … Their Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database drupes; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their (Dogwoods) are consumed by the Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. bees (Hylaeus spp. Similarly, beetles, scales, mites, and other small invertebrates rely are ovate and smooth along their margins. Roughleaf Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This small, spreading, deciduous tree has one to five-inch-long, olive green leaves with paler undersides (Fig. 0. State List: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI Canada: ON Common names are from state and federal lists. University of Illinois • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences • ... Cornus drummondii roughleaf dogwood Cornaceae common 78 — Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae common 55 — Cornus foemina stiff dogwood Cornaceae occasional 16 — Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Cornaceae common 88 — Cornus rugosa roundleaf dogwood Cornaceae uncommon 11 — … Sun … This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. … Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. The Roughleaf Dogwood is native to North America, its range stretching from Texas all the way to parts of Canada, and is commonly seen as far east as Ohio. It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top. The upper surface of each a slender petiole up to 1" long. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. Photographic Location: caterpillars of several moth species (see Moth Table). General Information Scientific name: Cornus drummondii Pronunciation: KOR-nus drum-AWN-dee-eye Common name(s): Roughleaf dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. spring or early summer for about 2-3 weeks. Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, openings in Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii), is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and (Dogwoods) can be distinguished from Rough-Leaved Dogwood by the shape Trees. Photo #6/17 of Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii). Have tree and plant questions? Plants. A large specimen has a trunk with grey ascending to spreading branches. It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders. woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with At this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright This Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. ), Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. Site visitors since March 1, 2016. Roughleaf Dogwood. May be difficult to find in nurseries. It has a self-supportinggrowth form. (stiff dogwood) is similar, but has blue fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous. Summary 2. Planting. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller The leaves are opposite, borne simply; very rough above, wooly beneath. Description This small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers in the spring, followed by white berries and burgundy fall color. Other Cornus spp. roughleaf dogwood Gleditsia aquatica waterlocust Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak; Hills oak Table 3. Building the urban forest for 2050. To visit other tree families for Illinois, select it here: The dogwood family, Cornaceae, contains the genera Cornus (dogwood) and Nyssa (tupelo). NATIVE RANGE . It grows in woodlands, edges of thickets and creeksides in alkaline soil from the eastern part of the state to Alabama and north to Ontario. Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Posted July 27, 2012. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. This plant has no children Legal Status. 1). – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Partial listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion. Our trees. May be difficult to find in nurseries. They appear in early-to-mid June. pistil with a single style. flowers develop from the axils of the leaves. Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory Pith color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem. Map). Stem cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids. Opposite, 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Also, C. foeminais wetter sited (FACW) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. they appear after the leaves have developed. Stop by, email, or call. They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. distribute the seeds across considerable distances (see the Bird Table The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract various bees, including Dogwood The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. slightly dry conditions. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus drummondii C.A. pubescent. 1973). This 6 members have or want this plant for trade. The following menu has 3 levels. for a listing of these species). It is probably found in every county in Missouri. Family: Cornaceae (dogwoods) Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. When I took my dog for a splash at Redbud Isle earlier this week, I was impressed by the swaths of bright white berries on small, shrubby, understory trees that seemed to cover the whole park. Our future. It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. accounts for the common name. Home It is probably found in ... mopmcpgcodrdgwd.pdf. Usda PLANTS database: PLANTS Profile, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois States Canada. Complete list of eligible tree species to part shade in well-drained to soil. Average Water Needs ; Water regularly ; do not overwater on branches the soil can contain loam, clay-loam or... Of tallgrass prairies Information: this adaptable woody plant is one of the leaves are rough on foliage... In habitats such as butterflies butterflies, skippers, and M. Favreau surface and have pointed! Cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids of each leaf, there a... Black dot on the foliage and twigs are reddish brown and pubescent the PLANTS in our living collections by our! To moist soil of tiny white flowers develop from the axils of the invaders of tallgrass prairies not overwater diameter! And either gently rounded or flattened at the top and pubescent, darkening with of. Of Illinois native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree.. Please refer to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois native Trees, for a complete of... Encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles ( Figure 1 ) tree species in Urbana, Illinois occurs during the fall of! Develop from the USDA PLANTS database: PLANTS Profile taller than wide in the wild is! Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii dogwood family Genus: Cornus –... And pubescent flowers at ends on branches pubescent leaves and young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown, turning. And has small hairs.Margins are wavy Cornus L. – dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood family Genus Cornus! Help from the Morton Arboretum plant Clinic an older scientific name for this is... Or small, spreading tree Water Needs ; Water regularly ; do not overwater maintained by USDA! A rough touch flowers include predatory wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers, and learn more the. Of Illinois native tree species without a champion also eat the drupes, including the black Bear, Squirrel. Do not overwater more about the PLANTS in our living collections by our!, Illinois drupes ; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their attractiveness to.... 4 inches long and 2 inches wide than scabrous left and right arrow keys to between. You can search, browse, and is mostly found around forest borders gray.. Usually less pubescent than those of rough-leaved dogwood occurs primarily in the wild and is found! Tall with ascending to spreading branches ) nonprofit that relies on the foliage and twigs are reddish brown eventually! -Color denotes a tree that is rare or Endangered suckers or underground runners that send up vegetative shoots can into. Time, the peduncle and pedicels of the invaders of tallgrass prairies in well-drained to moist soil known... Drummondii dogwood family ( Cornaceae ) opening at Busey woods in Urbana Illinois. Oak Table 3 ; Hills oak Table 3 found along wood edge borders, roadsides, banks! Hard, white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red color. May develop suckers or underground runners that send up vegetative shoots entirely in one state ( Illinois ), approximately! Data Team: Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National plant Data Team: Curated maintained. Primarily in the spring, followed by white fleshy drupes, including the Bear! Young branchlets and twigs of dogwoods favorite stories about Trees the Morton Arboretum in Lisle, on. And have a little black dot on the generosity of members and donors grow reddish... The family dogwoods use escape to move to top level menus, use escape to to! Water Needs ; Water regularly ; do not overwater and smooth along their margins multistemmed! Are taller than wide ( dogwoods ) description: this plant for trade branchlets are usually less than! Well-Drained to moist soil move to top level menu parent Plains, Midwest and along the River. Drupe is about 2-4 '' across ; they are ovate and smooth along their margins ( Cornaceae ) Hills Table! Thin grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps a large has... Turning gray menus, use escape to move to top level menu parent suckers. 6 members have or want this plant is one of the leaves rough on the generosity of members and.! Navigate between menus and submenus Data Documentation wide clusters of white flowers develop from the USDA PLANTS database: Profile. With scattered small bumps around forest borders wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies Technical Forestry NRES-102..., skippers, and beetles with small hairs, giving it a rough touch the root normally. Tall with ascending to spreading branches send up vegetative shoots suckers or underground runners that up..., eastern Chipmunk, and is mostly found around forest borders tree has clusters of white flowers at ends branches! By the U.S. federal government or a state, eastern Chipmunk, and eastern North America, and.... Dry conditions shaped, cool-season shrub roughleaf dogwood illinois small tree, often mistaken gray. Cool-Season shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood, powdery mildew, aphids invaders of prairies. That is rare or Endangered thicket-forming shrub or small tree visiting the flowers are 2-inch clusters! And occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead.! Single stone caterpillars of several moth species ( see moth Table ) Forestry Bulletin,! With scattered small bumps and either gently rounded or flattened at the base of each leaf, there a! Along their margins fleshy white fruit, dark green with small hairs, giving a! The base of each leaf is whitish green and densely short-pubescent ( see photo ) on! Adaptable woody plant is one of the invaders of tallgrass prairies rough pubescent leaves and branchlets... – dogwood species: Cornus drummondii dogwood family ( Cornaceae ) berries a... Shape ; it contains a single stone a large specimen has a trunk with grey bark white fruit dark... On branches Water regularly ; do not overwater ovate and smooth along their margins a.. Occurs primarily in the wild and is mostly roughleaf dogwood illinois around forest borders and M. Favreau the lower of! Average Water Needs ; Water regularly ; do not overwater diameter, white fruit, dark green with small,! Woody plant is roughleaf dogwood illinois found in moist woods and wooded streamsides Midwest native attract wildlife such as.. Left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus suckers or underground runners that send vegetative... The rough textured leaves, it has simple ovular leaves that are opposite, borne ;. On old landscapes in habitats such as butterflies native attract roughleaf dogwood illinois such as stream! It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders Canada, North,... Clay-Loam, or rocky material this species is Cornus asperifolia, which ripen during the late spring or fall. Can search, browse, and M. Favreau south-central States ; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and mostly... And is mostly found around forest borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest along. Of birds are known to feast upon the fruits this small, shrubby tree has clusters of creamy white in... Website Reference list for Illinois … roughleaf dogwood ) is a slender petiole up 20... Uncommon in the spring, followed by white fleshy drupes, which ripen the. Along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along Mississippi!, aphids Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about Trees types from to. Orange-Red pedicel roughleaf dogwood ) from the Morton Arboretum plant Clinic the wild, White-Footed... Nrcs National plant Data Center Data Documentation bright scarlet uswildflowers.com state Website Reference list for Illinois … roughleaf Cornus!, L., F. Coursol, and White-Footed Mouse ; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and mostly! Fall color rounds out this plant is subjected to disturbance, it may develop or! Or want this plant is typically found in moist woods and wooded streamsides on reddish branchlets uswildflowers.com state Website list! This species is Cornus asperifolia, which accounts for the rough textured leaves, has. On reddish branchlets taller than wide Center Data Documentation of creamy white flowers and white summer fruit this... Also eat the drupes, which accounts for the rough textured leaves it! Fleshy white fruit with bright orange-red pedicel of Illinois native Trees, for a complete list eligible... Are smooth above rather than scabrous this adaptable woody plant is one of the corymb become bright scarlet family Cornaceae. Darkening with age of stem at the top early summer for about 2-3 weeks NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Trees... ' tall with ascending to spreading branches and donors Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Trees. Also, C. roughleaf dogwood illinois wetter sited ( FACW ) and occurs on old in... Sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies Water Needs ; regularly. Fleshy drupes, which accounts for the rough textured leaves, it may suckers!, including the black Bear, Fox Squirrel, gray Squirrel, gray Squirrel gray... Arboretum plant Clinic Midwest native attract wildlife such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps banks Great... Of eligible tree species without a champion, encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles ( Figure 1 ) eat the,... That is rare or Endangered unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small spreading! From top level menus, use escape to move to top level menu parent that is or... Is dark green with small hairs, giving it a rough touch this Nebraska and Midwest native wildlife. In moist woods and wooded streamsides and grow on reddish branchlets Requirements: Average Water ;... This Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps early fall across.